Stop 3: New York City Hall
William Havemeyer, elected mayor of New York City in 1845, 1848 and 1872, launched his political career from the family’s sugar refining business. The sugar was produced in the south and Cuba by enslaved African labor. Fernando Wood, as Mayor of New York City in 1861, called on the city to secede from the union along with the South. As a Congressman, he opposed the 13th amendment to the United States Constitution.